Landmines and other unexploded ordnance plague the population of Nagorno-Karabakh 23 years after the ceasefire. For Jonik Hovhannisyan, who was a teenager when he went to war, one landmine explosion has shaped his life.
Despite Georgia’s attempts to better integrate and include ethnic minorities, young ethnic Armenians and Azerbaijanis in the country are becoming more politically invested in the affairs of Armenia and Azerbaijan than in their Georgian homeland.
Conflicts over self-determination have been thoroughly studied. There is no shortage of works on the scope and contents of self-determination. Likewise, the thorny issue of what a ‘people’ constitutes has been widely problematised as well. Scholars have also investigated the delicate question of cases in which secession is permissible, with some advocating for ‘remedial secession’ in exceptional circumstances. However, how should the de facto states themselves — the most notorious outcomes of these secessionist conflicts in the South Caucasus — be addressed?
Controversy surrounding commemorations for the 1992 Khojaly Massacre, which took place during the Nagorno-Karabakh War, has crept its way into Georgia. Despite a long record of peaceful coexistence between Georgia’s Armenian and Azerbaijani communities, a campaign calling for recognition of the tragedy as genocide has provoked indignation from activists.
Eighty-eight percent of eligible voters — 69 540 people — in the de facto Republic of Nagorno Karabakh voted to approve draft constitutional reforms in a referendum on 20 February. Once the results come into force, Karabakh will transition into a presidential system of government, and will change its name to the Republic to Artsakh.
Polls have opened in a referendum to amend the constitution of the de facto Republic of Nagorno Karabakh. If approved, the changes would create a presidential system of government, and change the name of the breakaway republic to Artsakh.
Amnesty International has called on the authorities of Azerbaijan to immediately release popular blogger Aleksandr Lapshin. In a statement released by the rights group on 10 February, they claim that he faces ‘torture’ and an ‘unfair trial’, and has been refused permission to contact his wife.
Popular blogger Aleksandr Lapshin was arrested in Belarus and extradited to Azerbaijan following his visits to the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh.